What is permaculture?

Permaculture is the theory that more sustainable farming can be achieved by working with nature rather than against it.

What is a heritage breed?

A livestock breed that was raised to thrive on traditional farms and homesteads. They’ve fallen out of popularity as they cannot compete with industrial hybrids in terms of growth rate and yield. Raising heritage breeds is important in order to preserve their genetic diversity and the unique traits each breed has to offer. The Livestock Conservancy defines its conservation priority list of heritage breeds by the following metric: 

  • Critical: Fewer than 200 annual registrations in the United States and estimated global population less than 2,000.

  • Threatened: Fewer than 1,000 annual registrations in the United States and estimated global population less than 5,000.

  • Watch: Fewer than 2,500 annual registrations in the United States and estimated global population less than 10,000. Also included are breeds that present genetic or numerical concerns or have a limited geographic distribution.

  • Recovering: Breeds that were once listed in another category and have exceeded Watch category numbers but are still in need of monitoring.

  • Study: Breeds that are of genetic interest but either lack definition or lack genetic or historical documentation.


What is a landrace breed?

A landrace breed is a group of domestic animals with similar genetics that are developed to thrive within a given geographical location. Landrace breeds usually have little to no breed standard, and are often very genetically dissimilar to other individuals of their species. Icelandic chickens, for example, had to survive harsh winters in Iceland and survive often with little human intervention. Birds that didn’t have the traits needed to survive either died or likely ended up being dinner.

Why buy from a breeder instead of a hatchery?

Hatcheries are far less rigorous with selecting breeding stock since they usually cary many more breeds, while a dedicated breeder might only carry a few which they aggressively cull and selectively breed for the most hardy and correctly confirmed individuals. I have an article about this where I go into more detail which you can find here. 

What is an heirloom variety?

An heirloom plant or crop is a variety or hybrid thereof whose genetics have been passed down generationally through seed saving. They are an image of what agriculture and farming would have looked like before industrialization. Saving these seed genetics is highly important for the biosecurity of our crops. One benefit of most heirlooms is that they tend to ripen over a long period, ensuring that you can have smaller quantities of fruit/veggies throughout the growing season. Most industrial hybrids ripen at around the same time, making it easier for farmers to harvest on a large scale within a short period. Heirloom varieties also often have a more unique flavour, more specialised growing requirements, and are usually lower maintenance and pest resistant. Studies also suggest that heirlooms are more nutritionally valuable than industrial hybrids. 

What is NPIP certification

The National Poultry Improvement Plan ​(NPIP) is an organization whose purpose is to ensure that commercial poultry flocks in America are disease free and won't transfer diseases to other flocks. While being NPIP certified doesn't ensure that your flock won't carry ANY diseases, it will verify that your flock doesn't carry any illnesses that are of national concern. 

Why buy registered livestock?

What is Linear Appraisal?

What is intersectionality? 

Where did we get the name Cakewolf Homestead. 

(Contains Portal spoilers)

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